PE and PD Planning

This module looks at how to plan PE Lessons and Physical Activity Sessions for children in the early years.

Please watch the video and then take the test by clicking the Proceed to Test button below. Once you have achieved a minimum of 75% you can then proceed to the next module.

Planning PE Lessons and Physical Activity Sessions

When planning a PE Lesson or Activity Session, children will benefit more if planning is based on skills. Identify what outcome you would like to achieve, identify the skills you would like children to develop and then base the activity on this.

EYFS/KS1 Outcomes

Identify Outcome you would like to achieve


Identify skills you will cover and focus on


Plan a warm up, 2 or 3 activities based on the outcomes and skills Differentiation

Sub Skills

Once activities are planned identify any other skills that will be covered

Additional EYFS/KS1 Outcomes

Identify any other EYFS/KS1 outcomes that will be covered

Elements of Physical Education


  • Fundamental Movement Skills – Mainly jumping, balancing and travelling

  • Shapes with their bodies

  • Use of large equipment

  • Working in pairs

  • Combining movements

Movement to Music and Dance

  • Listening

  • Large and small movements

  • Fast and slow movements

  • Combining movements

  • Body awareness

  • 5 Dance Basics

  • Use of variety of types of music such as children’s songs, classical, pop, etc.

Active Stories

  • Large movements

  • Imagination

Competitive and Cooperative Games

  • Team games, which can be competitive or cooperative (or a combination of both)
  • Group games, which will be cooperative

Hand-Eye and Foot-Eye Coordination

  • Ball skills – Throwing, Catching, Kicking, Striking, etc.
  • Target games – Aiming, Estimating, Predicting

Handy Back-up resources

  • Animal cards

  • CD player with music

  • Flash cards

  • Bubbles

  • Stories (improvise)

  • Skills Cards

  • Fundamental Movement Skills


  • Agility

  • Balance

  • Coordination

  • Spatial Awareness

Cross-body and Bilateral Movements

Bilateral coordination is when we use both sides of our bodies independently from each other in the following ways:

  • For the same action such as throwing a ball

  • For different actions such as throwing a ball in the air and striking it with a racket

  • For alternating the use of each side of the body, such as skipping, running, crawling, marching

Cross-body movements are when you use one side of the body in the other side’s space, relying on good bilateral coordination.

Efficient bilateral and cross-body coordination allows a child to use both hands and feet together for smooth movements and also supports the development of fine motor skills, reading and writing.

Good luck!

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